The Neolithic period dates from 10,000 BC until 4,500 BC. It began 12,022 years ago, long before Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, or the Mayan and Aztec civilisations in the Americas. Given those dates, it is easy to imagine that you would find little trace of Neolithic settlements and buildings today. But nothing could be further from the truth, thanks to the work of archaeologists.
Stonehenge. One of the best-known examples of a stone temple, situated in the south-west of England.
It was built around 5,000 years ago, so is ‘Late Neolithic’.
A Dolmen, or burial tomb. This one is in Italy.
The oldest religious structure known so far. Built in 10,000 BC. It is in Anatolia, Turkey.
Temples on the Island of Malta. Over 6,000 years old, so older than the Pyramids in Egypt.
A farmstead on a Scottish Island. This is dated from 3,500 BC, so is 5,500 years old.
The entrance to a 5,000 year old burial tomb in Denmark. Forty bodies were found inside a huge mound.
Last but not least, the remains of the original walls of Jericho, in Palestine. They are estimated to be 12,000 years old.